江苏省扬州市宝应县安宜高级中学高考英语 考前辅导材料

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安宜高级中学2015届体艺部高考考前英语辅导材料

第一部分 听力部分

2015考纲要求:

要求考生听懂有关日常生活中所熟悉话题的简短对话和独白。考生应能: (1)理解主旨要义;

(2)获取事实性的具体信息; (3)对所听内容作出简单推断;

(4)理解说话者的意图、观点或态度。

◆预测技巧 :充分利用听前时间和停顿时间,浏览题目和全部选项,预测可能涉及的内容

如果是独白,一定要听好第一句和最后一句。在听语篇时要抓住要素即人物,事件,时间,地点, 以便较好地理解和回忆全“篇”故事,保持良好的心态,切忌因急躁而影响听后面的内容。 ◆识别关键词的技巧:●透露说话人身份的关键词 ●透露地点场合的关键词 ●捕捉数字 ●理解意义,在听录音时要注意转折、让步、否定和虚拟语气的特殊句型以及时态的转换,以便把握说话者的真正意图。自上而下关注整篇内容的理解

◆速记技巧:许多材料中涉及数字,如年代、日期、价格、数量、并且会以基数词、序数词、分数、小数、百分数等形式出现,有的听力题中还设置简单的计算,所以要求学生熟悉各种数字形式并弄清其间关系,

如:减价20% off; special offer, special price, 25% discount, sale 原价:regular price, normal price

增长:10% increase in…, 1/3 climb in sth., 下降: 10 decrease / fall in….

打七折at a 30% discount,one third off the normal price

◆ 时间运用技巧:切记对于没有听清的题目(尤其是第一部分)采取及时放弃的原则,

即随便选择一个然后把注意力集中到下一题,抢在下一题播放之前看完下一题的三个全部选项,千万不可以纠缠于已播放完的前一题。

第二部分 语言知识运用

2015考纲要求:

要求考生能够运用基本的英语语法知识,掌握不少于3500个英语单词和400—500个习惯用语或固定搭配固定搭配。

第一节 单项填空

● 答题应试技巧: ① 认真分析句子结构;

② 注意语境分析,克服思维定势。切记:语言是活的,而语法是死的;

方法:多用排除法;遇上疑问句、强调句、定语从句、插入语等要对题干进行简化和还原。 单项填空做得好而快,不仅可以节省时间,而且还能增强信心。

解题具体指导: 一、 语境分析法

语境即一定的语言环境。通过自然、巧妙地设置一定的语言情景或故意隐蔽某些有效的信息,稍不注意就会错选。

⑴---Which of the two ways shall I take to the village ? --- way as you please.

A. Each B. Every C. Any D. Either (D)

⑵--- Are you sure you won’t come for a drink with us ? --- , if you insist.

A. Not at all B. It depends C. All right then D. I don’t care (C) 二、句子结构还原法

还原或化简句子,题干以省略句、疑问句 、被动句 、倒装句、强调句等形式,避开考生所熟悉的陈述句结构,从而加大难度。有时题干较长, 加入了从句、插入语等修饰部分。 1. 将疑问句、感叹句还原为陈述句。

⑴(2013年湖南卷)Do not let any failures discourage you, for you can never tell

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_____close you may be to victory.

A. how B. that C. which D. where (A) ⑵Whom would you rather have ___with you ?

A. to go B. go C. gone D. going (B) 还原为:you would rather have whom _____ with you 2. 将倒装句、强调句还原为正常语序

⑴(2013年江西卷)Only when he apologizes for his rudeness _______ to him again. A. I will speak B. will I speak C. do I speak D. I speak (B)

⑵It was _____ the old clock that the old man spent the whole morning at home.

A.repair B.repairing C.to repair D.in repair (B) 还原为:The old man spent the whole morning ____ the old clock at home ⑶—I just wonder that made Mark Twain so famous a writer. —Of course his early experiences. A. it was what B. what he did C. how he did D. what it was (D)

3. 将省略句还原为完整句 ⑴(2013江西卷) If ______ to look after luggage for someone else, inform the police at once.

A. asked B. to ask C. asking D. having asked (A) ⑵----What made you so happy ? -----_______.

A. Because of my passing the exam. B. I passed the exam.

C. Because I passed the exam. D. My passing the exam. (D) 还原成:________ made me so happy. 4.将被动句改为主动句

⑴As a student, every minute should be made full use _________ hard at our lessons. A. of working B. of to work C. of work D. of being work (B) 还原为:We should make full use of every minute ____our lesson well. ⑵A cook will be immediately fired if he is found ______ in the kitchen. A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked (B)

5. 将冗长题还原为简单题干。命题者往往有意设置一些无效附加信息,使题干复杂化。在解决这类题时,不妨将这些无效附加信息大胆合理地舍去,即将起干扰作用的定语从句、非谓语动词、介词短语或插入语,如I think / suppose / believe, do you think / suppose / believe, you know, of course等删除,从而更容易地选出正确答案。

⑴ Before you pay a visit to a place of interest, look in your local library ______ a book about it.

A.on B. at C. for D. to (C)

⑵Mr Smith, in your eyes, _____ that affects the development of China’s economy?

A. what it is B. what is it C. how it is D. where is it (B) ⑶It is global warming, rather than other factors,_______ the extreme weather. A. that have led to B. which has caused C. which are causing D. that has led to (D) 三、分析法

解题时,考生必须分析句子结构-注意句子前后的一致性(如主谓一致、时态一致、代词一致等), 快速划分出意群,弄清句子结构并找出句子所缺的成分,才有利于问题的解决。 ⑴The room is empty except for a bookshelf ______ in one corner. A. standing B. to stand C. stands D. stood (A) ⑵If nothing ______, the oceans will turn into fish deserts.

A. does B. had been done C. will do D. is done (D) ⑶Whom was it up to ___________ the matter?

A. decide B. to decide C. deciding D. decided (B) 四、突破思维定势法

思维定势是学习过程中形成的一种习惯性思维定向。它在语言学习过程中可以起到积极的作用,但也会误导学生不仔细分析问题,生搬硬套地去答题。因此,命题者会有意地利用学生的思维定势,造成学生解题的失误。因此,学生应当灵活运用所学知识去分析解决问

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题。

. The home improvements have taken what little there is ________ my spare time. A. from B. in C. of D. at (C) The country life he was used to ______greatly since 1992. (2005山东卷) A. change B. has changed C. changing D. have changed (B) 五、注重标点符号和连接词 借助标点符号或连词,正确分析句子结构。它们往往决定句子后半部分是否是完整的句子,从而判断所填答案是连词还是代词,是谓语动词还是非谓语动词。

⑴We are all embarrassed at the sight: Some Chinese _______ rubbish on the Great Wall, followed by a foreigner ______ up the litter.

A. Dropping; picked B. dropping; picking C. dropped; picking D. dropped;

picked (B)

⑵______ but he still didn’t know what to do.

A. Though he had been told B. He had been told C. Having been told D. Told (B)

⑶If an excellent Chinese novel is translated into English, _____ means many more people in the world can enjoy it.

A. as B. which C. what D. that (D) 六.比较、排除法

比较法是对语法知识、词义、相似结构进行比较。排除法不能单独使用,他只是前几种方法的补充,因为排除某一选项必须依据固定搭配和句子结构等来进行。

⑴When I arrived , Bryan took me to the house ______ I would be staying. A. what B. when C. where D. which (C)

⑵. A left-luggage office is a place where bags _________ be left for a short time, especially at a railway station.

A. should B. can C. must D. will (B) 七、逻辑推理法

根据前后文,进行逻辑推理,在四个选项都可以填入的情况下,要认真阅读全句,仔细体会其语境,根据逻辑关系和常识,进行判断,选择最佳答案。

⑴. No matter _________ a full schedule you have, only when you try really hard _______ always fit some more things in it.

A. how, can you B. what, can you C. which, you can D. when, can you (B)

⑵. ---Do you think Mom and Dad _______ late ? ---No, Swiss Air is usually on time.

A. were B. will be C. would be D. have been (B) 八、规律可循法

1.交际用语部分试题的选项中,错误选项不但错得比较明显,而且有一定的规律可循,错误选项的类型大体有: A. 选项本身语法错误

B. 选项议题与谈话主题无关

C. 选项明显不符合英语文化习俗表达

D. 选项虽然与谈话主题有关,但不能提供发问者要求的信息、态度或观点

⑴. — It’s more convenient to take a subway than drive a private car.

— ________. What’s more, it’s also a good way to support the low-carbon lifestyle.

A. Quite so B. So is it C. By all means D. All right (A)

2.通过对高考题的分析,可以发现交际用语的考查形式多样:①给出第一句问语,选答语的情况;②给出答语,选第一句问语的情况(当然①居多);③给出问语或答语的一部分,让考生补充完整问语或答语。事实上,这就给了考生更多的提示,缩小了选择的范围,在一定程度上降低了试题的难度。在做类似考题时,应抓住题干中已有的文字提供的信息,选择最符合题意的选项。

⑵. — What a day! Nothing seems to be going my way.

— _____, Susan. You are killing yourself for all the work. A. Take it easy B. Go right ahead

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C. Good luck

D. Have great fun (A) 完形填空的解题指导

解题步骤::

(一)、研读首句,通览全文,抓准主旨 (二)、细读全文,注重语境,试选答案

1. 注意上下文的内在联系

2. 注意英汉两种语言的差异,不能简单地互译 3. 研读细节,准确认定语境

4. 发挥逻辑思维能力,挖掘文章寓意、隐意 (三)、复核全文,弥补疏漏, 确保最佳 2.解题技巧

(1)利用首句信息解题

首句是一个完整的句子,它提供的信息是把握全文主旨的关键,可以帮助我们判断全文大意甚至全文主题。

首句为: One afternoon I was sitting at my favorite table in a restaurant, waiting for the food I had ordered to arrive. ------

When the waiter brought my 41 the man was clearly puzzled by the 42 way in which the waiter and I 43 each other. He seemed even more puzzled as 44 went on and it became 45 that all the waiters in the restaurant knew me. Finally he got up and went into the 46 .

41. A. menu B. bill C. paper D. food 42. A. direct B. familiar C. strange D. funny 43. A. chatted with B. looked at C. laughed at D. talked about

44. A. the waiter B. time C. I D. the dinner

45. A. true B. hopeful C. clear D. possible

46. A. restaurant B. washroom C. office D. kitchen

(D B A B C D)

(2)利用语法分析解题

【例】 51 do you suppose he asked for them? 51. A. What B. How C. Who D. Which (B)

(3)利用惯用法和词语辨析知识解题 【例】These days, only a few people continue to take the story of the Abominable Snowman 52 . But if they ever succeed in catching one, they may face a real problem: Would they put it in a zoo or give it a room in a hotel? 52. A. lightly B. jokingly C. seriously D. properly (C〕

【例】 The word \ 36 (memory) of an evening at Uncle Allen's in Belleville 37 all of us were seated around the table and Aunt Pat... 37. A. when B. where C. since D. after〕(A) (4)利用语篇标志解题

语篇一般指比句子长的语言单位,如句群、段落、篇章等。语篇与语篇之间往往有表明其内在联系的词语,这些词语被称为“语篇标志”。

如表示结构层次的语篇标志语有:firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally等; 表示逻辑关系的语篇标志语有thus, therefore, so等; 表示改变话题的语篇标志语有by the way等;

表示递进关系的语篇标志语有besides, what’s more, further等;

表示时间关系的语篇标志语有before, so far, yet, meanwhile, later等等。 【例】 “My mother believed I could 45 (connect with) the afterlife world,” she told a close friend. “She used to have me speak with my grandmother, who died

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many years ago.”

“Can I? I don't think I can,” Tracy said with a 1augh. “But I do 46 when things come to me 47 .”

46. A. events B. chance C. feelings D. moments

47. A. for no reason B. from a distance C. by accident D. as gifts (DA)

(5)利用上下文线索排除干扰

如:1) Traveling west, you set your clock __1__ ; traveling east, you set it ahead.

A behind B. forward C. back D. ahead

2) Many old people don’t have good __2__. They can’t watch TV, but they can listen to the music. A. hearing B. health C. eyesight D. time

3) Many Africans are very __3__ and so they can’t afford to eat much meat with their cereal.

A healthy B. poor C. rich D .weak 4) Mrs. O'Neill asked __7__ questions, and she didn't scold us either. A. no B. certain C. many D. more 5) __20__ the wallet, found in the street, be put into a pocket __21__ turned over to the policeman? Should the extra change received at the store be forgotten or returned? (20) A. Should B. Must C. Would D. Need (21) A. and B. or C. then D. but

(C C B A A B)

(6) 利用文化背景和生活常识解题

1) In the summer vacation of 1997, I was fixed with a job. I worked as a(n) __1__ at Mr. Green’s fruit shop.

A. operator B. assistant C. waiter D. secretary

2) It was an early morning in summer. In the street, sleepy-eyed people were moving quickly, heading towards their __3__.

A. homes B. houses C. restaurants D. offices 3) The slave escaped from his master and fled to the __4__ . As he was wondering about there, he came upon a lion. A. street B. park C. forest D. field

4) (Immediately), the officers jumped into their cars and rushed to the __13__ hospital.

A. animal B. biggest C. plant D. nearest

5) The space becomes bigger to let the rail expand (膨胀) when it gets __11__. A. hot B. wet C. cold D. dry

6) In 1964 Shirley graduated from Gallaudet and looked for __44__. She wanted to be __45__ and work full time. (44) A. information B. help C. a job D. an assistant

(45) A. happy B. independent C. free D. confident

(B D C D A C B)

(7) 利用逻辑判断解题

【例】...and they said that they had even caught Yetis on two occasions though none has been produced as evidence(证据)...But, 50 , no evidence has ever actually been produced.

50. A. so B. besides C. again D. instead (C)

(8) 利用暗示和对应解题

【例】 Mr. Adamson enjoys playing the violin in his spare time. He is often

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carried away by his own 1 . But it is a 2 time for his neighbors when Mr. Adamson plays as he does so badly.

One day Mr. Adamson sat by a 3 and began to play the violin as usual. Mr. Adamson seemed to be making 4 instead of music. But he was so 5 that he almost forgot what he was doing. Just then, some stones were thrown out of the window under which Mr. Adamson was sitting...

1. A. violin B. music C. neighbors D. hands 2. A. terrible B. useless C. wonderful D. long 3. A. house B. door C. window D. wall

4. A. sound B. something C. noises D. voices

5. A. angry B. excited C. comfortable D. disappeared (BACCB)

(9) 摆脱思维定势,逆向思维排除干扰

【例】 It isn't really true that he was too 31 (lazy) to work-in fact he had tried a few 32 (jobs). First of all he was a window-cleaner and in his first week he managed to 33 at least 6 windows. 33.A. rub B. drop C. break D. clean (C)

(10) 利用排除法解题

【例】Should the wallet, found in the street, be put into a pocket, or turned over to the policeman? Should the 47 change received at the store be forgotten or returned? Nobody will know except you. But you have to live with yourself, and it is always better to live with someone you respect.

47. A. extra B. small C. some D. necessary 〔(A)

(11) 利用排比结构解题

“排比结构”指的是结构相同或相似,意思密切关联,语法一致的句子或词组成串排列的语言现象。

【例】 Many people now think that teachers give pupils too much homework. They say that it is 51 for children to work at home in their free time. 52 , they argue that most teachers do not 53 plan the homework tasks they give to pupils.

51. A. unnecessary B. uninteresting C. unfortunate D. unimportant 52. A. Nevertheless B. However C. Therefore D. Moreover 53. A. considerably B. favorably C. properly D. pleasantly (ADC)

(12) 利用词汇复现解题

【例】 And the clerk confirmed that his plane was leaving at nine o’clock three days from that day...

Since he was 44 in three days, Andy didn’t lose anytime. 44. A. moving B. returning C. staying D. leaving (D)

(13)利用对比结构解题

【例】A pupil who can do his homework in a quiet and 59 room is in a much better position than a pupil who does his homework in a small, noisy room with the television on.

59. A. furnished B. expensive C. comfortable D. suitable (C)

(另外,考生考试时的良好的心态也是做好完形填空的关键. 我们在做完形填空时应该做到: 不急不躁, 不厌不惧, 成竹在胸, 冷静答题。

●第三部分 阅读理解

2015考纲要求:

要求考生读懂简易的英语文学作品、科普文章、公告、说明、广告以及书、报、杂志及各类媒体中关于一般性话题的简短文章并回答相关问题。考生应能: (1)理解语篇的主旨要义;

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(2)理解文中具体信息;

(3)根据上下文提供的线索推测生词的词义; (4)根据文中事实和线索作出简单的判断和推理; (5)理解文章的宏观结构和文脉逻辑关系; (6)理解作者的观点、意图和态度;

(7)提炼文章提纲、概括主要内容、理解关键信息。 ● 答题应试技巧:

题型:主旨大意题 事实细节题 猜测词义题 推理判断 观点态度类 文章脉络结构题 作者写作手法

1.关注文章脉络结构;

2.关注每一小节的主题句,也就是说读完每小节就要弄清它的Main idea; 3. 采取Skimming,关注主题句,其余Supporting information扫视即可;

4.如题目是细节题则通过Scanning有针对性地对读过的某小节仔细辨别具体信息; 5.通过上下文保证猜词题不失分;

6.文章the best title或main idea,即文章主旨题,不能以偏概全也不能范围太大; 7. 关注题目题干(即要求)与选项的匹配。如题目为推理题,而如果选了事实题,那就不对了。

8.对一些推测作者接下来要写的段落内容或第一节前面所写的内容可通过文章承上启下的特点关注文章最后一节或第一节的内容。

★关于涂卡:最好在做完一卷后先涂卡,以防做完II卷后时间紧张。 ● 解题步骤可以总结为一套解题程序,也就是“三步走”,即: 第一步:读题目(主要是题干),找关键词。

先仔细阅读题目,找出题干中的关键词。关键词一般是题干主谓宾的实词或者特征明显的词(人名、地名、时间、数字等)。

(根据题目的关键词)读原文,找命题点;有目的地在原文中搜索相关信息。将题目中的关键词先定位到原文中的一个段落,进而定位到相关句子。要注意顺序性,即题目的顺序和原文内容的顺序基本一致。

关键词的确定也有技巧:如果题目或选项中有专有名词(人名、地名等)、数字(年代、时间等)要将此定位为关键词。因为这些词有特点,在文章中很容易找到,所以很快就可以定位相应的细节,从而找到正确答案;如果题目或选项中没有明显的词,可以定位主要的名词或动词为关键词。 第二步:对照题目和命题点,选择最佳答案

常见的正确选项是对原文命题点的原文再现、同义转述或二者的结合;高档题可能还需要考生进行一定的归纳、总结、推理或概括,但一切都要严格依照原文命题点,避免主观判断。

一、归纳题(主旨大意题)

对于归纳题,很多考生总觉得有“花非花,雾非雾”的朦胧迷乱感。其实,只要

盯住一篇文章的四个角落:首段首句,首段尾句,尾段首句,尾段尾句,就基本上不会出现方向上的偏离。这里的“句”,即可以是一个完整的句子,也可以是复杂句中的主句。

打油诗:主要看开头,偶尔看结尾,首尾需呼应。

Does everyone want a challenging job? In spite of all the attention focused by the media, academician, and social scientists on human potential and the needs of individuals, there is no evidence to support that the vast majority of workers want challenging jobs. Some individuals prefer complex and challenging jobs; others develop in simple, routine work.

Q: Which is the best title for the passage?

A. Everyone Doesn’t Want A Challenging Jobs. B. Complex Jobs Offer Growth Opportunities C. Employers Should Create Challenging Jobs

D. Challenging Jobs Give A Sense of Recognition. 二、推理判断题

推理题要求在理解原文表面文字信息的基础上,做出一定判断和推论,从而得到文章的隐含意义和深层意义。推理题所涉及的内容可能是文中某一句话,也可是某几句话,但做题的指导思想都是以文字信息为依据,既不能做出在原文中找不到文字根据的推理,也不能根据表面文字信息做多步推理。所以,推理题的答案只能是根据原文表面文字信息一

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